May 31, 2013

May 24, 2013

Germany, 1852: Eduard Gressler Catalogue

1852, Eduard Gressler = Eduard Greßler of Erfurt (Thüringen, Prussia: Berlin Weights)

April, 1851: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (Mkt) = Thlr. 9.26 ($ 5.55)
1851: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Saxony: Semi-Mfg, Retail) = Thlr. 14.36 ($ 8.61)

1852: 1 Ozt. platina (Erfurt: Ore, Ret.) = Thlr. 10.64/ Fl. 15.96 ($ 7.61)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Erfurt: Foil, Ret.) = Thlr 11.70/ Fl. 17.56 ($ 8.36)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Fine Foil, Ret.) = Thlr 13.30/ Fl. 19.96 ($ 9.50)

1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Wire, Ret.) = Thlr 11.70/ Fl. 17.56 ($ 8.36)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Fine Wire, Ret.) = Thlr 12.77/ Fl. 19.15 ($ 9.13)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ultra Fine Wire) = Thlr 15.96/ Fl. 23.94 (USD$ 11.41)

1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ger: Mfg @ Thlr. 6.50./Loth, Ret.) = Thlr 13.83 ($ 9.88)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ger: Mfg, Crucible) = Thlr 12.50 (USD$ 8.94)


See Erfurt Weights. The Erfurt Commercial Pfund (16 Unzen, 32 Loth) weighed 0.467 Kilogram, or 15.04 English Troy Ounces,  1 Loth = 14.616 g or ~0.47 Troy Ounce.

The Nuremburg Pfund weighed 0.358038089 Kilogram  or 11.51 English Troy Ounces, but in practice, not divisible by Loth

Where 1 Liter (1,000 cc) = 61.028 Cubic Inches and 35.195 Imperial/UK Fluid Ounces and 33.814 US Fluid Ounces; where the English Pint ('Wine Measure') is 28.875 Cubic Inches (0.4732 Liter, 473.1765 cc), 31.1035 cc contains 1.095 UK Fluid Oz. /1.052 US Fluid Oz.

For Foil or Sheet (unknown thickness;weight) ~ Thlr 0.36 (USD$ 0.26) per sq. in.
2 quadzollen = 1.858 English Square Inches = Thlr 0.67 (USD$ 0.48)
8 quadzollen7.432 Eng. Square Inches = Thlr 2.67 (USD$ 1.91)
18 quadzollen 16.722 Eng. Square Inches = Thlr 6.0 (USD$ 4.29)

The cubic ounce (dry capacity, or content/volume) is presumably the same water volume; therefore weights of 'same size' manufactured Platinum containers should be similar.



This approximates the same 1838 German price for Döbereiner's cited laboratory crucible costs.  Compare other crucible weight/volume and contemporary British crucibles for approximations.

1 Unze Volume, Crucible w/ cover ~ 25 g. or 385 grains = 0.80 Troy Ounce
2 Unzen Volume, Crucible w/ cover ~ 50 g. ... = 1.608 Troy Ounce
3 Unzen Volume, Crucible w/ cover ~ 70 g. ... = 2.251 Troy Ounce
4 Unzen Volume, Crucible w/ cover ~ 95 g. ... = 3.05 Troy Ounce

1 Unze Inhalt: Lid cost Thlr 2. or 25% extra.

Evaporating basin @ Thlr 8./ per Unze (volume)

Crucible w/ cover @ Thlr 10./ per Unze (volume) 


Citation: Preis-Courant von Eduard Gressler zur Erfurt (1852) pp.




Schmelztiegel mit Deckel, Inhalt = crucible w/ cover @ Thlr 10./ per Unze (volume)

By Volume, a 'Crucible with Cover' containing 29.2 Grams cost Thlr. 10.; theoretically, 
a 'Crucible w/Cover' containing 30 Grams {Metric} should cost Thlr 10.27, 60 Grams @ Thlr. 20.55, 90 Grams @ Thlr. 30.82, 120 Grams @ Thlr. 41.10, etc. 


Assuming an approximate thickness & form, the difference between covered crucible & dish is the COVER- and handle-weight (accounting for extra labor.)

Abdampfschaalen = evaporating basin @ Thlr 8./ per Unze (volume)


By Volume, a 'Basin' containing 29.2 Grams cost Thlr. 8.; theoretically, 
a 'Crucible with Cover' containing 30 Grams {Metric} cost Thlr.8.22
Thlr. 12.33, Thlr 16.44, Thlr. 20.55 ... 
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ger: Mfg 21.81 Gr; Ret.) = Thlr 11.41 (USD$ 7.87)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ger: Mfg 57.74 Gr; Ret.) = Thlr 10.77 (USD$ 7.43)







Grove's Battery: Small 4.5 Thlr (USD$ 3.57; Large 9 Thlr (USD$ 7.14), apparently more expensive than US batteries (see Wightman, 1853.)










Terminology/translation:




 

Platinum Refining Cost


1800:
1803: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (French Refiner Cost) = Fr. 24.38 (£ 1.01, USD$ 4.50)
1804: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (British Refiner Cost) = £ 0.4452 (Fr. 10.92, $ 2.26) 
1806: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (British Refiner Cost) = £ 0.1333 (Fr. 3.17, $ 0.894
1809: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (French Refiner Cost) ~ Fr. 4.24 ($ 0.8472; £ 0.1696-0.2065)
1814: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Phila. USA Refiner Cost) = $0.4405 (Fr. 2.23; £ 0.0848)
1817: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (UK Refining Cost 1814-20)  = £ 0.1000 (Fr. 2.34 - 2.47)
1820: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (UK Refining Cost c.1820)  = £ 0.0875 (Fr. 2.15, USD$ 0.39)
1827: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (est. Colombia Refining Cost) = S$ 0.4056
1827: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (est. Russian Refining) ~0.47 руб; Fr. 1.87; £ 0.073; USD$ 0.3531
1828: 1  Troy Oz. Pt (French Refiner: Sponge, Commercial) < Fr. 4.40 (USD$ 0.8656)
1829: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Russian Mint Cost) = 0.8178 руб. (£ 0.1277, Fr 3.345, USD$ 0.613)
1830: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (UK Refining Cost c.1820)  = £ 0.0875 (Fr. 2.15, USD$ 0.39)
1833: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Russian Refiner Cost) = 2.20 руб (Paper)
1834: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Russian Refiner Cost) = 1.6043 руб (Fr. 1.804; USD$ 0.3537)
1839: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ru Refiner Cost)  ~0.7912 руб Silver = Fr. 0.933 ; £ 0.0378
1845:
1850:
1855:
1860:
1865:
1870: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (US Refiner Cost) = $ (USD$ 0.80)
1875:
1880: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (US Refiner Cost) = $ USD$ 0.49
1885:
1890: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (UK Refiner Cost) = £ 0.0625 - 0.1250 (USD$ 0.30 - 0.61)
1893: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (NY USA Refiner Cost) = USD$ 0.39
1895:
1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ru Refiner Cost) = 1.92-2.64 руб (Fr. 0.71-0.97; USD$ 0.14-0.19)

1898: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ru Refiner's Cost) = 0.3798 руб (Fr. 1.02, £ 0.04, USD$ 0.1963)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (German Refiner Cost) = ℳ 1.244 (USD$ 0.30, Fr 1.52, £ 0.0483)
1905:
1907: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (UK Refiner Cost) = £0.075

May 23, 2013

France, 1895: Chart 1869-95 (w/1890 Death Spike)

1895: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (refined, SPb?) = Fr 52.88 (USD$ 10.28)
1895: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (refined, Paris mkt) = Fr 93.31 (USD$ 18.14)
1895: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (retail) = Fr 116.64 (USD$ 22.68)
 
Citation: L'economiste Francais, Journal Hebdomadaire (22 Dec.1906) p.902




Citation: Revue chronométrique, Vol. 24; Chambre syndicale de l'horlogerie de Paris (June 1907) p.286 




Citation: La Russie industrielle: étude sur l'Éxposition de Nijni-Novgorod ; Maurice Verstraete (1897)


A flared apparatus concentrating 500 kg S. per hour, price Fr. 94,800. A Pd-bars represented a value of Fr. 176,400. (Revue univ. 1895. 2/2 .; Dinql. PoL J. 295. 208.)

Citation: Chemisches Zentralblatt, Vol. 1 p.681


French Custom prices aggregate crude, ingot & refined Platinum:
1901:



 


1869 - 1895 Crude Platina Price Charts










Auer de Welsbach 

Langhaus Gas Mantle, Fr. 2.50 ~1 g Platinum









Platino-cyanide of Barium





Russia, 1899

Purportedly "fleur de coin" (Uncirculated) it's not clear these aren't Novodel re-issues and the price-quote appears to be the small-lot Producer Cost

1898: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Refined Funt-rate Cost) = 22.807 руб
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Numismatic) = 22.572 руб (Fr 60.08)
 
August 1898/9: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Numismatic) = 22.52 руб (Fr 60.08)

Citation: Catalogue des monnaies russes de tous les princes: tsars et empereurs depuis 980 jusquʼà 1899 (1899)





Citation: The Colliery Engineer, Vol. 30 (1910) p.400



1899: 1 Troy Oz. platina (SPb, mkt) ~ 24.40 руб

Unclear original data source.
 
Citation: Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles, Vol. 15 1903
 

1899: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (SPb Spot: Refined) = USD$ 15.22
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (German Quote) = USD$ 15.19

Citation: Engineering and Mining Journal, Vol. 112, #12 ; American Institute of Mining Engineers (1921), p.478



French source, earlier production statistics:



Nov. 1899: 1 Troy Oz. platina (Ural Mining Labor Cost: 83% ore) =  9.4789 руб
Nov. 1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ural Mining Labor Cost: 83% ore) =  11.42 руб



1899: 1 Troy Oz. platina (SPb Spot: 83% ore) = 24.6846 руб
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (SPb Refining Cost) = 0.3798 руб 
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (SPb Spot: .999) ~ 29.74 руб

Citation: L'Oural, By Maurice Verstraete (1899), p. 199


1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Sponge) = 34.1786 руб
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Sheet) = 37.976 руб
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Mfg) = 49.37 руб (USD$

Citation: L'Oural, By Maurice Verstraete (1899), p. 203


1899-1909: 1 Troy Oz. platina (Ural Contract: +83% ore) = 21.56 руб
1899-1909: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ural Spot: .999) = 25.364 - 25.975 руб

Citation: L'Oural, By Maurice Verstraete (1899), pp.208








Russian Import Tariff on Platinumware, руб 2.2786/Ozt



 

France, 1916



En mars 1915, il fut dejà de 8,950 fr. le kilogramme, en janvier de 1916 de 10,000 fr. Le prix actuel du platine à Paris s'élève à 16,000 fr. le kilogramme. Les prix très élevés du platine ont attiré vers l'Oural les syndicats métallurgiques anglais et ...



January, 1916: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (ingot, mkt) =  Fr. 311.04


1915/6: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (ingot, mkt) = Fr 270.61 - 311.04
1916: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (ingot, mkt) = ℳ 264.39 - 388.80
 
Citation: Enzyklopädie der technischen chemie: Unter mitwirkung von fachgenossen, Vol. 9 ; Fritz Ullmann p.179
 



UK, 1919

1919: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (mkt) = £ 24. (~USD$ 106.32)
1919: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (ingot, mkt) = USD$ 105.

Citation: The Platinum Metals, Arthur Douglas Lumb (1920) p.15

May 22, 2013

Germany, 1899

1899: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (mkt) = ℳ 69.983

At the turn of the year 1895 Platinum cost 1,555 Marks per kilogram. In the spring of 1896 it was already 1,620; by January 1897 it cost 1,660. In the summer of the same year (1897) it was in the 1,700s.  In the Spring of 1898 in the 1,800's, in September 2,000. - and today it costs 2,250 Mark. 

Citation: Die Zukunft. Herausgeber: M. Harden, Vol. 27  Maximilian Felix Ernst HARDEN (1899)

1899:  
1899: 1 Troy Oz. platina (82.5% Russian ore) = 46.14 (USD$ 11.)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Refining Cost) = 1.244 (USD$ 0.30, Fr 1.52, £ 0.0483)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Russian platina, refined = ℳ 55.93 (USD$ 13.33)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt Refiner Profit (First Base Price Cost) = ℳ 6.58 (USD$ 1.43)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (semi-mfg; whols/ret) = 63.76 (USD$ 15.19)

Citation: Die Metalle: Geschichte, Vorkommen und Gewinnung, nebst ausführlicher ...Bernhard Neumann p.363

Germany, 1898

See Preis-verzeichniss uber chemische apparate und gerathschaften, chemische praparate und reagentien, C. Gerhardt (1898)
http://www.sil.si.edu/DigitalCollections/trade-literature/scientific-instruments/files/51641/imagepages/image19.htm


Semi-manufactured Platinum in catalogues was 14.3% higher than market-price;  manufactured Platinumware was 23.5% higher, likewise.

Where an Evaporating Basin weighing 32 g. contained 90 cc, a Pt Basin 1 Ozt = 87.48 cc. An Evaporating Basin containing 1 Fl.Oz. (28.4131 cc.) ought to weigh 11.36 g (0.3654 Ozt.) or ~175 grains troy.

p.5: "Abdampfschalen von Platin, mit Ausguss, werden nach Gewicht (berechnet der Preis richtet sich nach dem Marktpreis des Metalls), das Gramm ohne Faconpreis, unverbindlich                          ............................ Mark 2.


"Evaporation Basins in Platinum, with spout, are calculated by weight (the price depends on the market price of the metal), the Gram without manufacture, unlimited.                                                       ........................... Mark 2.

Late 1897: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Mkt.) = ℳ 54.43
1897/8: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Mfg: Dish, Cat.) = ℳ 67.07

p.49:
1897/8: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Fine Wire: Semi-Mfg.) = ℳ 62.21
1897/8: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Fine Wire: Semi-Mfg.) = ℳ 65.32
1897/8: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Wiremesh: Semi-Mfg.) = ℳ 77.76
1897/8: 1 Ozt. Silver (Wiremesh: Semi-Mfg.) = ℳ 18.66

Spring, 1898: 1 Ozt.Platinum (mkt) = ℳ 55.986
September, 1898: 1 Ozt. Platinum (mkt) = ℳ 62.207

At the turn of the year 1895 Platinum cost 1,555 Marks per kilogram. In the spring of 1896 it was already 1,620; by January 1897 it cost 1,660. In the summer of the same year (1897) it was in the 1,700s.  In the Spring of 1898 in the 1,800's, in September 2,000. - and today it costs 2,250 Mark . 

Citation: Die Zukunft. Herausgeber: M. Harden, Vol. 27  Maximilian Felix Ernst HARDEN (1899)



1898: 1 Ozt. platina (82.5% Russian ore) = 40.20 (USD$ 9.54)
1898: 1 Ozt. Pt (Refining Cost) = 1.244 (USD$ 0.30)
1898: 1 Ozt. Russian platina, refined = ℳ 49.97 (USD$ 11.86)
1898: 1 Ozt. Pt Refiner Profit (First Base Price Cost) = ℳ 6.01 (USD$ 1.43)
1898: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Semi-Mfg; Whols./Ret.) = 55.99 (USD$ 13.29)

Citation: Die Metalle: Geschichte, Vorkommen und Gewinnung, nebst ausführlicher ...Bernhard Neumann p.363

 

Palladium:

1898: 1 Troy Oz. Palladium Sponge (Refined, Whols.) = ℳ 55.986 (USD$ )
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Palladium (Wire, Whols.) = ℳ 99.53 (USD$ )
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Potassium tetrachloropalladate(II) = ℳ 31.103 (USD$ )

1898: 1 Troy Oz. Palladium (NYC: Metal, Whols.) = USD$ 29.55

Citation: Engineering and Mining Journal, Vol. 65 5/14/1898 p.586