May 31, 2013

May 24, 2013

Germany, 1852: Eduard Gressler Catalogue

1852, Eduard Gressler = Eduard Greßler of Erfurt (Thüringen, Prussia: Berlin Weights)

April, 1851: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (Mkt) = Thlr. 9.26 ($ 5.55)
1851: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Saxony: Semi-Mfg, Retail) = Thlr. 14.36 ($ 8.61)

1852: 1 Ozt. platina (Erfurt: Ore, Ret.) = Thlr. 10.64/ Fl. 15.96 ($ 7.61)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Erfurt: Foil, Ret.) = Thlr 11.70/ Fl. 17.56 ($ 8.36)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Fine Foil, Ret.) = Thlr 13.30/ Fl. 19.96 ($ 9.50)

1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Wire, Ret.) = Thlr 11.70/ Fl. 17.56 ($ 8.36)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Fine Wire, Ret.) = Thlr 12.77/ Fl. 19.15 ($ 9.13)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ultra Fine Wire) = Thlr 15.96/ Fl. 23.94 (USD$ 11.41)

1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ger: Mfg @ Thlr. 6.50./Loth, Ret.) = Thlr 13.83 ($ 9.88)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ger: Mfg, Crucible) = Thlr 12.50 (USD$ 8.94)


See Erfurt Weights. The Erfurt Commercial Pfund (16 Unzen, 32 Loth) weighed 0.467 Kilogram, or 15.04 English Troy Ounces,  1 Loth = 14.616 g or ~0.47 Troy Ounce.

The Nuremburg Pfund weighed 0.358038089 Kilogram  or 11.51 English Troy Ounces, but in practice, not divisible by Loth

Where 1 Liter (1,000 cc) = 61.028 Cubic Inches and 35.195 Imperial/UK Fluid Ounces and 33.814 US Fluid Ounces; where the English Pint ('Wine Measure') is 28.875 Cubic Inches (0.4732 Liter, 473.1765 cc), 31.1035 cc contains 1.095 UK Fluid Oz. /1.052 US Fluid Oz.

For Foil or Sheet (unknown thickness;weight) ~ Thlr 0.36 (USD$ 0.26) per sq. in.
2 quadzollen = 1.858 English Square Inches = Thlr 0.67 (USD$ 0.48)
8 quadzollen7.432 Eng. Square Inches = Thlr 2.67 (USD$ 1.91)
18 quadzollen 16.722 Eng. Square Inches = Thlr 6.0 (USD$ 4.29)

The cubic ounce (dry capacity, or content/volume) is presumably the same water volume; therefore weights of 'same size' manufactured Platinum containers should be similar.



This approximates the same 1838 German price for Döbereiner's cited laboratory crucible costs.  Compare other crucible weight/volume and contemporary British crucibles for approximations.

1 Unze Volume, Crucible w/ cover ~ 25 g. or 385 grains = 0.80 Troy Ounce
2 Unzen Volume, Crucible w/ cover ~ 50 g. ... = 1.608 Troy Ounce
3 Unzen Volume, Crucible w/ cover ~ 70 g. ... = 2.251 Troy Ounce
4 Unzen Volume, Crucible w/ cover ~ 95 g. ... = 3.05 Troy Ounce

1 Unze Inhalt: Lid cost Thlr 2. or 25% extra.

Evaporating basin @ Thlr 8./ per Unze (volume)

Crucible w/ cover @ Thlr 10./ per Unze (volume) 


Citation: Preis-Courant von Eduard Gressler zur Erfurt (1852) pp.




Schmelztiegel mit Deckel, Inhalt = crucible w/ cover @ Thlr 10./ per Unze (volume)

By Volume, a 'Crucible with Cover' containing 29.2 Grams cost Thlr. 10.; theoretically, 
a 'Crucible w/Cover' containing 30 Grams {Metric} should cost Thlr 10.27, 60 Grams @ Thlr. 20.55, 90 Grams @ Thlr. 30.82, 120 Grams @ Thlr. 41.10, etc. 


Assuming an approximate thickness & form, the difference between covered crucible & dish is the COVER- and handle-weight (accounting for extra labor.)

Abdampfschaalen = evaporating basin @ Thlr 8./ per Unze (volume)


By Volume, a 'Basin' containing 29.2 Grams cost Thlr. 8.; theoretically, 
a 'Crucible with Cover' containing 30 Grams {Metric} cost Thlr.8.22
Thlr. 12.33, Thlr 16.44, Thlr. 20.55 ... 
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ger: Mfg 21.81 Gr; Ret.) = Thlr 11.41 (USD$ 7.87)
1852: 1 Ozt. Platinum (Ger: Mfg 57.74 Gr; Ret.) = Thlr 10.77 (USD$ 7.43)







Grove's Battery: Small 4.5 Thlr (USD$ 3.57; Large 9 Thlr (USD$ 7.14), apparently more expensive than US batteries (see Wightman, 1853.)










Terminology/translation:




 

Platinum Refining Cost


1800:
1803: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (French Refiner Cost) = Fr. 24.38 (£ 1.01, USD$ 4.50)
1804: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (British Refiner Cost) = £ 0.4452 (Fr. 10.92, $ 2.26) 
1806: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (British Refiner Cost) = £ 0.1333 (Fr. 3.17, $ 0.894
1809: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (French Refiner Cost) ~ Fr. 4.24 ($ 0.8472; £ 0.1696-0.2065)
1814: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Phila. USA Refiner Cost) = $0.4405 (Fr. 2.23; £ 0.0848)
1817: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (UK Refining Cost 1814-20)  = £ 0.1000 (Fr. 2.34 - 2.47)
1820: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (UK Refining Cost c.1820)  = £ 0.0875 (Fr. 2.15, USD$ 0.39)
1827: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (est. Colombia Refining Cost) = S$ 0.4056
1827: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (est. Russian Refining) ~0.47 руб; Fr. 1.87; £ 0.073; USD$ 0.3531
1828: 1  Troy Oz. Pt (French Refiner: Sponge, Commercial) < Fr. 4.40 (USD$ 0.8656)
1829: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Russian Mint Cost) = 0.8178 руб. (£ 0.1277, Fr 3.345, USD$ 0.613)
1830: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (UK Refining Cost c.1820)  = £ 0.0875 (Fr. 2.15, USD$ 0.39)
1833: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Russian Refiner Cost) = 2.20 руб (Paper)
1834: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Russian Refiner Cost) = 1.6043 руб (Fr. 1.804; USD$ 0.3537)
1839: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ru Refiner Cost)  ~0.7912 руб Silver = Fr. 0.933 ; £ 0.0378
1845:
1850:
1855:
1860:
1865:
1870: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (US Refiner Cost) = $ (USD$ 0.80)
1875:
1880: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (US Refiner Cost) = $ USD$ 0.49
1885:
1890: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (UK Refiner Cost) = £ 0.0625 - 0.1250 (USD$ 0.30 - 0.61)
1893: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (NY USA Refiner Cost) = USD$ 0.39
1895:
1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ru Refiner Cost) = 1.92-2.64 руб (Fr. 0.71-0.97; USD$ 0.14-0.19)

1898: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ru Refiner's Cost) = 0.3798 руб (Fr. 1.02, £ 0.04, USD$ 0.1963)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (German Refiner Cost) = ℳ 1.244 (USD$ 0.30, Fr 1.52, £ 0.0483)
1905:
1907: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (UK Refiner Cost) = £0.075

May 23, 2013

France, 1895: Chart 1869-95 (w/1890 Death Spike)

1895: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (refined, SPb?) = Fr 52.88 (USD$ 10.28)
1895: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (refined, Paris mkt) = Fr 93.31 (USD$ 18.14)
1895: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (retail) = Fr 116.64 (USD$ 22.68)
 
Citation: L'economiste Francais, Journal Hebdomadaire (22 Dec.1906) p.902




Citation: Revue chronométrique, Vol. 24; Chambre syndicale de l'horlogerie de Paris (June 1907) p.286 




Citation: La Russie industrielle: étude sur l'Éxposition de Nijni-Novgorod ; Maurice Verstraete (1897)


A flared apparatus concentrating 500 kg S. per hour, price Fr. 94,800. A Pd-bars represented a value of Fr. 176,400. (Revue univ. 1895. 2/2 .; Dinql. PoL J. 295. 208.)

Citation: Chemisches Zentralblatt, Vol. 1 p.681


French Custom prices aggregate crude, ingot & refined Platinum:
1901:



 


1869 - 1895 Crude Platina Price Charts










Auer de Welsbach 

Langhaus Gas Mantle, Fr. 2.50 ~1 g Platinum









Platino-cyanide of Barium





Russia, 1899

Purportedly "fleur de coin" (Uncirculated) it's not clear these aren't Novodel re-issues and the price-quote appears to be the small-lot Producer Cost

1898: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Refined Funt-rate Cost) = 22.807 руб
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Numismatic) = 22.572 руб (Fr 60.08)
 
August 1898/9: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Numismatic) = 22.52 руб (Fr 60.08)

Citation: Catalogue des monnaies russes de tous les princes: tsars et empereurs depuis 980 jusquʼà 1899 (1899)





Citation: The Colliery Engineer, Vol. 30 (1910) p.400



1899: 1 Troy Oz. platina (SPb, mkt) ~ 24.40 руб

Unclear original data source.
 
Citation: Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles, Vol. 15 1903
 

1899: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (SPb Spot: Refined) = USD$ 15.22
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (German Quote) = USD$ 15.19

Citation: Engineering and Mining Journal, Vol. 112, #12 ; American Institute of Mining Engineers (1921), p.478



French source, earlier production statistics:



Nov. 1899: 1 Troy Oz. platina (Ural Mining Labor Cost: 83% ore) =  9.4789 руб
Nov. 1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ural Mining Labor Cost: 83% ore) =  11.42 руб



1899: 1 Troy Oz. platina (SPb Spot: 83% ore) = 24.6846 руб
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (SPb Refining Cost) = 0.3798 руб 
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (SPb Spot: .999) ~ 29.74 руб

Citation: L'Oural, By Maurice Verstraete (1899), p. 199


1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Sponge) = 34.1786 руб
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Sheet) = 37.976 руб
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (SPb: Mfg) = 49.37 руб (USD$

Citation: L'Oural, By Maurice Verstraete (1899), p. 203


1899-1909: 1 Troy Oz. platina (Ural Contract: +83% ore) = 21.56 руб
1899-1909: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ural Spot: .999) = 25.364 - 25.975 руб

Citation: L'Oural, By Maurice Verstraete (1899), pp.208








Russian Import Tariff on Platinumware, руб 2.2786/Ozt



 

France, 1916



En mars 1915, il fut dejà de 8,950 fr. le kilogramme, en janvier de 1916 de 10,000 fr. Le prix actuel du platine à Paris s'élève à 16,000 fr. le kilogramme. Les prix très élevés du platine ont attiré vers l'Oural les syndicats métallurgiques anglais et ...



January, 1916: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (ingot, mkt) =  Fr. 311.04


1915/6: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (ingot, mkt) = Fr 270.61 - 311.04
1916: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (ingot, mkt) = ℳ 264.39 - 388.80
 
Citation: Enzyklopädie der technischen chemie: Unter mitwirkung von fachgenossen, Vol. 9 ; Fritz Ullmann p.179
 



UK, 1919

1919: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (mkt) = £ 24. (~USD$ 106.32)
1919: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (ingot, mkt) = USD$ 105.

Citation: The Platinum Metals, Arthur Douglas Lumb (1920) p.15

May 22, 2013

Germany, 1899

1899: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (mkt) = ℳ 69.983

At the turn of the year 1895 Platinum cost 1,555 Marks per kilogram. In the spring of 1896 it was already 1,620; by January 1897 it cost 1,660. In the summer of the same year (1897) it was in the 1,700s.  In the Spring of 1898 in the 1,800's, in September 2,000. - and today it costs 2,250 Mark. 

Citation: Die Zukunft. Herausgeber: M. Harden, Vol. 27  Maximilian Felix Ernst HARDEN (1899)

1899:  
1899: 1 Troy Oz. platina (82.5% Russian ore) = 46.14 (USD$ 11.)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Refining Cost) = 1.244 (USD$ 0.30, Fr 1.52, £ 0.0483)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Russian platina, refined = ℳ 55.93 (USD$ 13.33)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Pt Refiner Profit (First Base Price Cost) = ℳ 6.58 (USD$ 1.43)
1899: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (semi-mfg; whols/ret) = 63.76 (USD$ 15.19)

Citation: Die Metalle: Geschichte, Vorkommen und Gewinnung, nebst ausführlicher ...Bernhard Neumann p.363

Germany, 1898

Spring, 1898: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (mkt) = ℳ 55.986
September, 1898: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (mkt) = ℳ 62.207

At the turn of the year 1895 Platinum cost 1,555 Marks per kilogram. In the spring of 1896 it was already 1,620; by January 1897 it cost 1,660. In the summer of the same year (1897) it was in the 1,700s.  In the Spring of 1898 in the 1,800's, in September 2,000. - and today it costs 2,250 Mark . 

Citation: Die Zukunft. Herausgeber: M. Harden, Vol. 27  Maximilian Felix Ernst HARDEN (1899)



1898: 1 Troy Oz. platina (82.5% Russian ore) = 40.20 (USD$ 9.54)
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Refining Cost) = 1.244 (USD$ 0.30)
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Russian platina, refined = ℳ 49.97 (USD$ 11.86)
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Pt Refiner Profit (First Base Price Cost) = ℳ 6.01 (USD$ 1.43)
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (semi-mfg; whols/ret) = 55.99 (USD$ 13.29)

Citation: Die Metalle: Geschichte, Vorkommen und Gewinnung, nebst ausführlicher ...Bernhard Neumann p.363

 

Palladium:

1898: 1 Troy Oz. Palladium Sponge (Refined, Whols.) = ℳ 55.986 (USD$ )
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Palladium (Wire, Whols.) = ℳ 99.53 (USD$ )
1898: 1 Troy Oz. Potassium tetrachloropalladate(II) = ℳ 31.103 (USD$ )

1898: 1 Troy Oz. Palladium (NYC: Metal, Whols.) = USD$ 29.55

Citation: Engineering and Mining Journal, Vol. 65 5/14/1898 p.586