July 24, 2014

UK, 1807





Wollaston purchased two platina thermometers from Chas. Malacrida of High Holborn St. for 19s.

Wollaston assumed Johnson purchased 1 Libra for S$ 6. silver; at 1807 forex on New Dollars:

1806: 1 Troy Ounce platina (Importer's Cost, 76.3% ore)  = £ 0.0886 - 0.1063
1806: 1 Troy Oz Pt (Importer's Cost, .999)  = £ 0.1162 - 0.1394
1806: 1 Troy Oz Pt (Wollaston's Labor, Per Ozt)  = £ 0.10
1806: 1 Troy Oz Platinum (Lowest Cost Basis, .999)  = £ 0.2162 - 0.2394

July 23, 2014

France, 1848


c.1848/9: 1 Troy Ounce Platinum (SPb: Russian Ingot) = Fr 26.355 (6.8357 руб Kr)


c.1848/9: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (NYC: Imported Ingot, Fine?) = (USD$ 7.50 - 8.33)
c.1848: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (NYC: Semi-Mfg, Retail) ~ Fr 56.72 - 57.33 ($ 11.)

c.1848/9: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Paris: Semi-Mfg, Retail) = Fr. 37.324 (~$ 7.18)
c.1848/9: 1 Troy Oz. Pt Chloride (Paris: PtCl2, Ret.) = Fr. 31.104 (~$ 5.98)

As indicated, in 1848:
"Mr. Germer Bailliere believes it's useful to readers to insert at the end of this new edition a program of products and utensils necessary to repeat the experiments described therein. He was sent this by a House by honorably known for the purity of its products and dealing especially with everything that relates to the study of chemistry and physics." 

Citation: Chimie élémentaire avec ses principales applications aux arts... Apollinaire Bouchardat (1848) p.595


 
The 1849 Catalogue is identical, as above. (Whereas the 2nd French Edition was translated from the 10th English Edition, the 3rd French Edition was translated from the 18th English Edition.)

Citation: Manipulations électrotypiques ou Traité de galvanoplastie;  Charles V. Walker (1849) p.148




Citation: Société d'encouragement pour l'industrie nationale (1848)





 



1834-(1848)



1845-1850: SPb price



c. 1848/9: Demidoff gives platina nugget to Bruxelles (Belgium.)

Weight: 163.47 g. (~38.3 zolotnik)


July 18, 2014

UK, 1853

Edward Wolstenholme Ward (E.W. Ward) was named Captain in 1852; he was sent to New South Wales, Australia in 1854.  His earlier report (as a Lieutenant) included Portsmouth retail Platinum prices (1850).

1850: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Portsmouth, UK: Sheet, Whols.)  = £ 1.60 (USD$ 7.79)

1853: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Semi-Mfg, Ret.) = £ 1.40 (USD$ 6.50)
1853: 1 Troy Oz. Gold (Semi-Mfg, Ret.) = £ 4.25 (USD$ 19.73

1853: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Paris: Semi-Mfg, Ret.) ~ £ 1.86 (Fr 46.65)

1855: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Semi-Mfg, Trade) = £ 1.30 (USD$ 6.36)

Foil Battery, ea.: Pt 1.73 Grams/ 26.66 Grains Troy = £ 0.2611 (USD$ 1.21) 
Sheet Battery, ea.: Pt 9.41 Grams/ 145.2 Grains Troy = £ 0.5917 (USD$ 2.75) 

Dalgleish Pt Battery, ea.: Pt 25.815 Grams/ 398.4 Grains Troy = £ 1.462 (USD$ 6.79)  

Grove's Battery:
Where One Box was 7" long x 4" wide x 4" tall, factoring case, each cell should have been 2" x 2" wide (x4" tall?), with ~145 Grains Troy (~9.41 Grams)

1853: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Semi-Mfg, Ret.) = £ 1.35 (USD$ 6.27)
     Citation: Papers on Subjects Connected with the Duties of the Corps of Royal Engineers, Vol. 4 (1855)


 



1853: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Mfg., Ret.) = £ 1.75 (USD$ 8.51)

Citation: Transactions, Vol. 1, ; North of England Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineers, p.453


1853:





Commercial value of platina : ~50% Gold.



1852/3: 1 Troy Oz. platina (Ore, Retail) = £ 0.823 (USD$ 4.0)

1852/3:
Citation: Rheinisches Mineralien-Comptoir: Catalogue of mineralogical, geological... A. Krantz (1853)
 



c.1855: "Rhodium" (Iridium) for Pen Points











Germany, 1921

In Germany, Platinum was 3.822 - 3.933x the Price of Gold, 122.18 - 126.13x the Price of Silver.   

1921/2: 1 Troy Ounce Gold (Mkt) = ℳ 5,536.42 - 5,940.84
1921/2: 1 Troy Oz. Silver (Mkt) = ℳ 172.62 - 185.84
1921/2: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Mkt) = ℳ 21,772 - 22,705.50

Chemiker-Zeitung, Vol. 46 (1922):  
"Der Preis für Gold schwankte zwischen 178,000 und 191,000 ℳ, der für Silber zwischen 5,550 und 5,975 ℳ. Platin notierte zwischen 700 und 730 ℳ für 1 g." 


"The price of Gold traded between 178,000 - 191,000 ℳ, of Silver between 5.550 to 5.975 ℳ. Platinum 700 - 730 ℳ for 1 g."

Early 1921:
"Der Preis des Platine, welcher vor einem Menschenalter 1 M. für das Gramm betrug. war allmählich bis auf 6 M. im Jahre 1914 gestiegen und beträgt jetzt über 100 M." 

"The price of Platinum, which was for the grams of a generation ago 1. was gradually increased up to 6. in 1914 and is now about 100."

1921: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Mkt) = ℳ 96.75

Germany, 1922

1921: 1 Troy Ounce Gold (Mkt) = ℳ 5,536.42 - 5,940.84
1921: 1 Troy Oz. Silver (Mkt) = ℳ 172.62 - 185.8
1921: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (Mkt) = ℳ 21,772 - 22,705.50

  
Chemiker-Zeitung, Vol. 46 (1922):  
"Der Preis für Gold schwankte zwischen 178,000 und 191,000 , der für Silber zwischen 5,550 und 5,975 . Platin notierte zwischen 700 und 730 für 1 g." 


"The price of Gold traded between 178,000 - 191,000 , of Silver between 5.550 to 5.975 . Platinum 700 - 730 for 1 g."

Germany, 1922

Null

Russia, 1919

With some doubts as to exact market-price dates:

Early 1919: 1 Troy Ounce Gold (officially) = 132.56 руб
Early 1919: 1 Troy Ounce Gold (black mkt) = 265- 318 руб
 
Where 5,280 Ozt Russian platina ore cost руб 5,000,000 and assumed .800 Fine = 4,224 Ozt Pt, the Ural cost of refined Platinum (at 36 руб/$1) :

May, 1919: 1 Troy Ounce platina (Ural Ore) = 946.97 руб (~USD$ 26.30)
May, 1919: 1 Troy Oz Pt (Ural Ore, .999 Fine) = 1,183.71 руб (~USD$ 32.88)
May, 1919: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Ural Refining Cost) = 35.52 руб (~USD$ 0.99) 
May, 1919: 1 Troy Oz Platinum (Ural Spot) = 1,219.22 руб (~USD$ 33.87)

Compare:
 
May, 1919: 1 Troy Oz. platina (~80% Ore, Chocó Bid) ~ USD$ 20.25  
1919: 1 Troy Oz. platina (Colombia: ~80% Ore, US Customs) = USD$ 88.4286
1919: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (Colombia: ~80% Ore, .999) ~ USD$ 110.5357
 
May, 1919: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (NYC: ingot @ US Govt) = USD$ 102.60
June, 1919: 1 Troy Oz. Platinum (NYC: ingot @ US Govt) = USD$ 105.80


Citation: American Journal of Pharmacy, Vol. 92 Feb 1920 p.115



Purity of Russia Ore:


July 11, 2014

Specific Gravity of Gold Coins

1769:

Spanish Doubloon/ 4 Pistole (416 Grains/ 0.866666665 Ozt; 26.9563 g.) 



1810:

Where by Royal Edict, the 8-Escudo was to be minted at the weight of 27.1168 g. @ .875 (23.7272 Fine Au), a pristine 8-Escudo should weigh at least ~27.115 g, 418.475 English Grains Troy.

Citation: Universal Cambist and Commercial Instructor, being a general Treatise on Exchange, &c. Vol. 1, (1811) pp. 390-1





Cited in Kelley (1810), by English Mint Assay the "new" Spanish Doubloon/ 4 Pistole weighed (417 Grains/0.86875 Ozt; 27.02115 g.) but .864 Fine Au. However, this average coin weight was for circulated 1801 8-Escudos up to 1809, ~8 years

On average, a full-weight 1801 8-Escudo lost 0.1845 Grain Troy for each year of circulation. 





Presumed to be 366.1666667 Grains Fine Au (0.762847223 Ozt), 


The Huntington Collection Spanish Colonial, Later Republican and Related Coins, Wednesday 6 March 2013

A full-weight 8 Escudos Coin should be >27.10 g. (~418 Grains Troy) with 365.5 Grains (0.76146 Ozt) Au Fine Au
 
Bolivia: Carlos IV (1788-1808):
8 escudos, 1792 PR, Potosí, 27.01g (Ca. 99 [90]; Cy. 14484), VF  
8 escudos, 1795 PP, Potosí, older bust, 26.99g (Ca. 102; Cy. 14506), nearly VF
8 escudos, 1796 PP, Potosí, 26.97 g (Ca. 103; Cy. 14513), G-F
8 escudos, 1798 PP, Potosí, 26.98 g (Ca. 105; Cy. 14530), G-VF
8 escudos, 1799 PP, Potosí, 26.95 g (Ca. 106; Cy. 14536), VF/+
8 escudos, 1800 PP, Potosí, 27.02 g (Ca. 106; Cy. 14545), G-VF
8 escudos, 1804 PJ, Potosí, 26.98 g (Ca. 111; Cy. 14587), VF/+
8 escudos, 1805 PJ, Potosí, 26.99 g (Ca. 112; Cy. 14597), VF
8 escudos, 1806 PJ, Potosí, 26.98 g (Ca. 113; Cy. 14605), VF, Details
8 escudos, 1807 PJ, Potosí, 27.02 g (Ca. 114; Cy. 14614), VF
8 escudos, 1808 PJ, Potosí, 26.92 g (Ca. 115; Cy. 14623), VF, Details

Chile: Carlos IV (1788-1808):
8 escudos, 1789 DA, Santiago, bust of Carlos III 26.93g (Ca. 146; Cy. 14449), Details, VF
8 escudos, 1791 DA, Santiago, CAROL. IIII, 27.04g (Ca. 150; Cy. 14476), scuffed, G-VF
8 escudos, 1793 DA, Santiago, 26.96 g (Ca. 152; Cy. 14492), scuffed, VF+
8 escudos, 1794 DA, Santiago, 27.02 g (Ca. 153; Cy. 14499), G-VF
8 escudos, 1796 DA, Santiago, 27.02 g (Ca. 155; Cy. 14514), G-VF
8 escudos, 1797 DA, Santiago, 27.02 g (Ca. 156; Cy. 14524), VF
8 escudos, 1798 DA, Santiago, 27.09 g (Ca. 157; Cy. 14531), VF+
8 escudos, 1799 DA, Santiago, 27.00 g (Ca. 158; Cy. 14537), VF+
8 escudos, 1800 AJ, Santiago, 26.99 g (Ca. 161; Cy. 14548), G-VF 
8 escudos, 1801 AJ, Santiago, stop betw assayer’s initials, 26.99 g (Ca. 162; Cy. 14560), VF+
8 escudos, 1803 FJ, Santiago, 26.92 g (Ca. 165; Cy. 14578), VF 
8 escudos, 1804 FJ, Santiago, 27.01 g (Ca. 166; Cy. 14588), G-VF 
8 escudos, 1806 JF, Santiago, 27.01 g (Ca. 169; Cy. 14608) EF, "scarce"


Colombia: Carlos IV (1788-1808):
8 escudos, 1787 SF, Popayán, Carlos III 27.05 g (Ca. 140; Cy. 12993), G-VF
8 escudos, 1788 SF, Popayán, 26.88 g (Ca. 141; Cy. 13008), G-VF
8 escudos, 1789 SF, Popayán, first bust carlos IV, 27.06 g (Ca. 66; Cy. 14447), G-VF+
8 escudos, 1791 SF, Popayán, second bust, "IIII", 26.98 g (Ca. 69; Cy. 14470) G-VF 
8 escudos, 1792 JF, Popayán, 26.95 g (Ca. 70; Cy. 14482), G-F
8 escudos, 1793 JF, Popayán, 26.97 g (Ca. 71; Cy. 14490), G-F
8 escudos, 1794 JF, Popayán, 26.94 g (Ca. 72; Cy. 14497),~VF
8 escudos, 1795 JF, Popayán, 27.07 g (Ca. 74; Cy. 14505), G-VF
8 escudos, 1795 JF, Popayán, 26.87 g (Ca. 74; Cy. 14505), ~VF
8 escudos, 1796 JF, Popayán, 26.92 g (Ca. 75; Cy. 14512), VF
8 escudos, 1797 JF, Popayán, 26.93 g (Ca. 76; Cy. 14522), ~VF
8 escudos, 1799 JF, Popayán, 27.00 g (Ca. 78; Cy. 14535), G-VF
8 escudos, 1800 JF, Popayán, 27.05 g (Ca. 79; Cy. 14544), G-VF
8 escudos, 1801 JF, Popayán, 27.03 g (Ca. 80; Cy. 14557), ~EF 
8 escudos, 1802 JF, Popayán, 27.01 g (Ca. 81; Cy. 14566), VF
8 escudos, 1804 JF, Popayán, 27.05 g (Ca. 83; Cy. 14586), ~EF 
8 escudos, 1804 JF, Popayán, 26.94 g (Ca. 83; Cy. 14586), G-VF>~EF
8 escudos, 1805 JT, Popayán, 26.87g (Ca. 86; Cy. 14596), VF 
8 escudos, 1806 JF, Popayán, 26.98 g (Ca. 89; Cy. 14604), VF>G-VF
8 escudos, 1807 JF, Popayán, 26.95 g (Ca. 90; Cy. 14613), G-VF 
8 escudos, 1808 JF, Popayán, 27.00 g (Ca. 91; Cy. 14622), G-VF
8 escudos, 1808 JF, Popayán, Ferdinand VII, 27.03 g (Ca. 63; Cy. 16362), G-VF >~EF
8 escudos, 1809 JF, Popayán, Ferdinand VII, 27.03 g (Ca. 65; Cy. 16371), VF
8 escudos, 1809 JF, Popayán, Ferdinand VII, 27.08 g (Ca. 65; Cy. 16371), VF
8 escudos, 1810 JF, Popayán, Ferdinand VII, 27.05 g (Ca. 67; Cy. 16380), VF
8 escudos, 1811 JF, Popayán, 27.02 g (Ca. 69; Cy. 16396), ~VF
8 escudos, 1812 JF, Popayán, 27.09 g (Ca. 71; Cy. 16410), G-VF+
8 escudos, 1814 JF, Popayán, 27.00 g (Ca. 74; Cy. 16436), G-VF
8 escudos, 1815 JF, Popayán, 26.89 g (Ca. 75; Cy. 16448), ~VF
8 escudos, 1816 FM, Popayán, m.m.P, 27.02g (Ca. 78; Cy. 16458), ~EF
8 escudos, 1816 FR, Popayán, m.m.Pn, no stop betw. FR, 27.00 g, EF
8 escudos, 1817 FM, Popayán, m.m.P, 27.00 g (Ca. 79; Cy. 16471), G-VF
8 escudos, 1818 FM, Popayán, m.m.P, 26.90 g (Ca. 81; Cy. 16482), G-VF > ~EF
8 escudos, 1819 FM, Popayán, m.m.P, 26.96 g (Ca. 82; Cy. 16488), VF
8 escudos, 1820 FM, Popayán, m.m.P, 26.93 g (Ca. 83; Cy. 16498), ~VF
   
8 escudos, 1787 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 26.93 g (Ca. 198; Cy. 12992), VF
8 escudos, 1789 JJ, Nuevo Reino, first bust, 26.99 g (Ca. 116; Cy. 14446), VF
8 escudos, 1791 JJ, Nuevo Reino, first bust, numeral IV, 27.00 g (Ca. 119; Cy. 14466), F
8 escudos, 1793 JJ, Nuevo Reino, second bust, 26.95 g (Ca. 122; Cy. 14488), G-VF
8 escudos, 1794 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 26.88 g (Ca. 124; Cy. 14496), Det.;VF/G-VF
8 escudos, 1795 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.00 g (Ca. 125; Cy. 14503), G-VF
8 escudos, 1796 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.04 g (a. 126; Cy. 14511), G-F > ~VF 
8 escudos, 1797 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.08 g (Ca. 127; Cy. 14520), VF/+
8 escudos, 1798 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.07 g (Ca. 128; Cy. 14528), G-VF  
8 escudos, 1799 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 26.90 g (Ca. 129; Cy. 14534), VF
8 escudos, 1800/1799 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 26.91 g (Ca. 130; Cy. 14541), VF
8 escudos, 1801 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 26.85 g (Ca. 133; Cy. 14556), G-VF
8 escudos, 1802 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 26.90 g (Ca. 135; Cy. 14565), VF 
8 escudos, 1803 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.07 g (Ca. 137; Cy. 14574), G-VF > EF
8 escudos, 1804 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.03 g (Ca. 139; Cy. 14584), VF>G-VF
8 escudos, 1805 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.09 g (Ca. 141; Cy. 14594), VF
8 escudos, 1806 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 26.91 g (Ca. 142; Cy. 14602), VF+

8 escudos, 1807 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.13 g (Ca. 143; Cy. 14612), G-VF
8 escudos, 1811/10 JF, Nuevo Reino, 26.87 g (Ca. 96; Cy. 16393), ~VF
8 escudos, 1812/11 JF, Nuevo Reino, 26.97 g (Ca. 98; Cy. 16406), VF

8 escudos, 1813 JF, Nuevo Reino, 27.03 g (Ca. 101; Cy. 16421), G-VF  
8 escudos, 1814/13 JF, Nuevo Reino, 27.03 g (Ca. 102; Cy. 16434), ~VF
8 escudos, 1815/14 JF, Nuevo Reino, 27.10 g (Ca. 104 var.; Cy. 16446), VF
 

Others:
8 escudos, 1792 JF, Popayán, 27.00 g ( Cy. 14482), ~VF
(11/26/2010: Monnaies d’Antan, Mail Bid Sale 8)
8 escudos, 1799 JF, Popayán, 26.93 g (Ca. 78; Cy. 14535), ~EF 
(5/19/2012: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG, Auction 65, Lot 3165) 8 escudos, 1805 JT, Popayán, 26.96g (Ca. 86; Cy. 14596), VF  
(5/19/2012: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG)
8 escudos, 1805 JT, Popayán, 26.99g (Ca. 86; Cy. 14596), EF  
(5/19/2012: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG)



8 escudos, 1807 JF, Popayán, 26.99 g (Ca. 90; Cy. 14613), ~EF 
(5/19/2012: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG)
8 escudos, 1808 JF, Popayán, 26.95 g (Ca. 81; Cy. 14622), G-VF
(5/19/2012: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG)


8 escudos, 1816 JF, Popayán, 26.93g (Ca. 78; Cy. 16458), G-VF
(5/19/2012: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG)


8 escudos, 1796 JJ, Nuevo Reino, 27.26 g (Ca. 126; Cy. 14511), ~VF 
(5/19/2012: Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG)

 
1818: citing 1803 study - Geo. III Guinea (1786-88), Average Specific Gravity = 17.442









c.1802:


1814:  c. 1800 Spanish Gold Coin, Specific Gravity 17.655.  (.8985 Au, .08 Ag, .02 Cu)


1827:


c.1832:






1859: Specific Gravity of hammered Gold, 19.36, Copper 8.95, Platinum 22.06


c.1872/3:



c. 1893:





July 9, 2014

USA 1845

A full-weight $5 Gold Coin, 22 mm, Weight 8.346 g.
The Platinum counterfeit $5 Coin, 22 mm Weight 8.27 g (21.5 mm; 8.09 g) 
(Friedberg.USA.138) was less than 2 Grains light, for Gold-plating



July 5, 2014

UK, 1791

Joseph Priestley's Birmingham laboratory was destroyed by rioters and fire in July 1791. Assuming the insurance claim's weight avoirdupois,

1791: 1 Troy Ounce platina (UK: 70% ore, retail purchase) = £0.3291
1791: 1 Troy Oz. Pt (UK: 70% ore, .999) ~ £0.47